Avocados were first recorded growing in Australia as early as the mid eighteenth century. However, it was not until the late 1920's that an industry was established. The Australian avocado industry initially developed on the sub-tropical eastern coast of Australia at the NSW/QLD border and has since spread to all mainland states.
UP until the 1960's, the avocado industry was considered a backyard enterprise, where it grew as a result of the fruit becoming a popular food item. In 1974, the Australia avocado industry was decimated by an outbreak of root rot due to abnormally high summer rainfall, but soon recovered, with the subsequent high market prices in the late 1970's, resulting in a large number of trees being planted.
At present, avocados are grown commercially by thousands of growers across Australia, with the key production areas of Australia being North, central and South-East Queensland, Northern and central New South Wales, Western Australia and the Sunraysia & Riverland regions of Victoria, New South Wales and South Australia.
As is evidenced in Figure 1, avocado production in Australia enjoys a wide geographic distribution, which combined with selected varieties, gives fresh fruit to markets on a year-round basis. Production in Australia peaks from May to November, with lighter supplies occurring in the summer months.